An investigation of neuroinjury biomarkers after sport-related concussion: from the subacute phase to clinical recovery

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To characterise a panel of neuroinjury-related blood biomarkers after sport-related concussion (SRC). We hypothesised significant differences in biomarker profiles between athletes with SRC and healthy controls at both subacute and medical clearance time points.

Methods: Thirty-eight interuniversity athletes were recruited over two athletic seasons (n = 19 SRC; n = 19 healthy matched-control). High-sensitivity immunoassay was used to evaluate 11 blood analytes at both the subacute phase after SRC and at medical clearance.

Results: Univariate analysis identified elevated circulating peroxiredoxin-6 (PRDX-6) in athletes with SRC compared to healthy controls at the subacute time point. Multivariate analyses yielded similar results in the subacute phase, but identified both PRDX-6 and T-tau as significant contributors to class separation between athletes with SRC and controls at medical clearance.

Conclusions: Our results are consistent with the increasing recognition that physiological recovery after SRC extends beyond clinical recovery. Blood biomarkers appear to be useful in elucidating the biology of brain restitution after SRC. However, their implementation requires mindfulness of factors such as academic stress, exercise, and injury heterogeneity.

Di Battista, A.P., Rhind, S.G., Baker, A.J., Jetly, R., Debad, J.D., Richards, D. and Hutchison, M.G., 2018. An investigation of neuroinjury biomarkers after sport-related concussion: from the subacute phase to clinical recovery. Brain injury, pp.1-8.